Petroleum derived diesel (known as petro-diesel) is a mixture of straight run product (150 °C and 350 °C) with varying amount of selected cracked distillates and is composed of saturated hydrocarbons (primarily paraffins including n , iso , and cycloparaffins), and aromatic hydrocarbons (including napthalenes and alkylbenzenes).
Diesel is used in diesel engines, a type of internal combustion engine. Diesel originally designed the diesel engine to use coal dust as a fuel, but oil proved more effective. Diesel engines are used in cars, motorcycles, boats and locomotives. Automotive diesel fuel serves to power trains, buses, trucks, automobiles, farm machinery, to run construction and industrial sites, petroleum drilling and other off-road equipment and to be the prime mover in a wide range of power generation & pumping applications. The diesel engine is high compression, self-ignition engine. Fuel is ignited by the heat of high compression and no spark plug is used.In 2013 Rus-Terminal LLC Storage and Logistics commissioned Vanino the second stage of its own oil-processing plant which has increase the total capacity of the plant by half of it initial capacity per year for the production of high quality oil products, such as, straight-run gasoline, jet fuel, low viscosity marine fuel, black fuel,and diesel oil Euro 4-5.
Important characteristics are ignition characteristics, handling at low temperature, flash point.